Win the Fight Against Parasites with AnthelminticAn anthelmintic is a medication that expels parasites and worms from the body. It is sometimes referred to as dewormers or anti-parasitic. Anthelmintics break up and destroy parasites in both human and animal bodies, but may require multiple drugs to ensure success in overcoming parasitic infections because of their nature to become immune to drug treatment in the course of time.
Administering anthelmintic has been regarded as a delicate procedure because of the probability that the infected party gets sick even more as parasites are removed from its body and destroyed. Giving the medication in tiny doses is one way to prevent the parasitic host from becoming ill-affected. It is always important to keep in mind that going over the prescribed dosage when using anthelmintic poses great danger to the person or animal taking it.
There are different types of anthelmintic used, depending on the kind of parasite present in the host's body. The most common among these worm infection treatments are albendazole, diethylcarbamazine, ivermectin, mebendazole, and praziquantel. In the event that these five prove to be ineffective, other anthelmintic medication may be prescribed. Anthelmintics are classified not according to the types of worms targeted, rather, each anthelmintic class focuses on the drug's potency or at what phase in the life cycle of the parasite said drug applies. There are anhelmintic drugs that cover a broad spectrum, and there are other classes formulated to deal with, at most, one or two types of parasites.
A usual issue encountered with anthelmintics has to do with certain parasites' tendency to be immune to these drugs, especially when these have been administered for a long time. This holds true in human and animal populations in developing countries where infections due to parasites are very commonplace.
When it comes to humans, informational campaign on good hygiene can be very educational, and goes a long way to help arrest the spread of parasitic infections. Frequent and proper hand washing and staying away from the usual starting places of infections, like fresh or untreated water, definitely help in reducing the spread of these parasites. However, the same doesn't come as simple with animals as they are continually exposed to elements where infections abound, like fouled, filthy grass and all kinds of wastes. Also, the fact that most animals are housed in groups makes it easy for parasitic infections to spread.
Members of the medical community are one in emphasizing the importance of a host not re-infecting himself or passing on the infection to another member of the household in order for anthelmintic treatment to be successful. Good hygiene, especially when it involves the use of the bathroom and the manner by which food is prepared, is a major factor in making sure that infections don't linger.
With a number of different anthelmintics around, side effects have been rather difficult to determine. Almost always, a host's reaction to these drugs will depend on the type of parasite he is infected with or the dosage being administered. Individuals on anthelmintics normally experience stomach upset, but still, this side effect doesn't apply to all.